Motorcycle helmets play a vital role in keeping motorcycle riders safe on the road. Because of the intense impacts riders can face after a collision, motorcycle helmets are subject to some of the most rigorous testing to ensure safety and functionality. A variety of motorcycle helmet testing standards exist across the world, including ECE 22.05. This standard was developed by the Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) and is one of the most widely recognized standards, being required in 47 countries. In this article, we will go over the scope of ECE 22.05 testing and its importance in keeping consumers safe.

What is ECE 22.05?

ECE 22.05 is a standard that sets forth the requirements for motorcycle helmets, aiming to provide a high level of protection for riders in various scenarios. It specifies performance criteria for helmets, including their ability to absorb impacts, resist penetration, and provide effective retention systems.

What is involved in ECE 22.05 testing?

ECE 22.05 mandates a series of tests that motorcycle helmets must undergo to meet the established safety standards. These tests evaluate the helmet’s performance in a range of conditions and impacts commonly encountered during motorcycle accidents. Some of the key tests include:

Impact Absorption: Helmets are subjected to impacts at various speeds and angles to assess their ability to absorb and distribute the force of the impact. This helps minimize the risk of severe head injuries.

Retention System Strength: The retention system, typically the chin strap, is tested to ensure it can withstand considerable force without failing. This prevents the helmet from coming off during an accident, providing a secure fit for the rider.

Abrasion Testing: The abrasion test conducted under this standard evaluates the frictional properties of the helmet shell. If the helmet shell has a high level of abrasiveness upon impact, it can potentially lead to injury. The purpose of ECE’s abrasion test is to aid manufacturers in designing helmets that minimize the transmission of twisting forces to the head and neck.

ECE 22.05 vs DOT

A variety of motorcycle helmet safety tests exist around the world including DOT, SNELL, and FIM. DOT is the nationally recognized standard in the United States. Depending on your intended distribution market, you may be subject to certain tests, as different regions have established standards. Helmets for motorcycle racing are also subject to individualized standards.

ACT LAB can help you navigate the complex world of motorcycle helmet testing and provide you with peace-of-mind before going to market.

Benefits of ECE 22.05 Testing

Apart from being required in multiple countries, there are several benefits to going through the ECE 22.05 testing process including:

  • Improved Impact Protection: ECE 22.05 introduces a wider range of impact velocities and angles during testing, ensuring helmets can provide adequate protection in real-world scenarios.
  • Stricter Retention System Requirements: ECE 22.05 sets higher standards for the strength and effectiveness of the helmet’s retention system, minimizing the likelihood of the helmet coming off during an accident.
  • Continuous Quality Control: Manufacturers are required to comply with ECE 22.05 throughout the production process, ensuring consistent quality control and helmet performance.


ACT-LAB is an ISO/IEC 17025 accredited laboratory that conducts consumer product safety and compliance testing for an active world. We can help ensure that your products both meet industry standards and are inspected to ensure the utmost quality.

To learn more about our tests contact us today.

Read more about our accreditations here.

Our Testing In Action